Discrimination is a pejorative, discriminatory, ostracizing or illegitimate unequal treatment.
To be classified as discrimination, it is unimportant whether something is done intentionally and with purpose or is the result of unconscious attitudes or behavior. Cases of discrimination are not always obvious, but subtle incidences in everyday life that are not immediately recognizable or detectable for those affected.
The starting point of any discrimination can be an assessment of people based on actual or attributed group-specific characteristics.
Forms of discrimination
People are excluded or disadvantaged owing to
• racist attributions regarding their appearance, their (supposed) origin, their name, their residence status or proficiency in the German language (everyday / racism, hostility towards migrants / refugees, ...),
• their (supposed) religious or political views (anti-Semitism, Muslim hostility, political persecution, ...),
• their gender or expression of gender or gender / gender performance (sexism, misogyny, hostility towards transgender persons, cissexism, hostility to intersexuals, ...),
• their sexual orientation or sexual identity (heterosexism, homophobia, hostility towards lesbians, ...),
• hostility towards disabled persons (lack of free access, disregard or derogation of their physical and / or mental capacity or physical appearance, ...),
• their age (animosity towards old-aged persons, derogation and marginalization of younger persons, ...),
• their social class, their family or educational background, their place of residence, their language, their status as unemployed or recipients of social security (classism, social exclusion, language discrimination, derogation and hostility towards the long-term unemployed,…).