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We believe that work and training relationships are fundamentally susceptible to violence. By so doing, we subscribe to an expanded definition of violence that is not limited to unlawfully exercised physical and psychological violence.

We include structural violence, just as much as the hierarchal, partly legitimate and partly illegitimate exercise of power based on personal competences. We are against imposing taboos and simultaneously scandalizing violent actions or the attitudes, types of behavior and dynamics associated with them.

Specific forms

Stalking is a violent form of persecution.

• We understand as violence as sexualized abuse, coercion and rape at the work place. These are partly criminal (§ 177), but also in the context of education and employment legally evaluated as sexual harassment.