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Grow & Treat

    About Grow&Treat

    Childhood maltreatment is associated with a range of emotional and behavioral problems during childhood and is a risk factor for different mental health problems, which may persist into adulthood. Maltreated children show significantly more externalizing and internalizing symptoms, more discipline problems in school and more symptoms of depression than children without maltreatment experiences. They are often more aggressive against peers, have fewer social skills and are more likely to be socially withdrawn. Moreover, longitudinal studies point to the fact that these symptoms are often persistent across long periods of time. Among the most far-reaching effects of trauma and neglect is the loss of the ability to regulate the intensity of feelings and impulses. The inability to modulate emotions might underlie a range of behaviors such as aggression against others or self-destructive behavior and might interfere with flexible response strategies during the child’s development. Emotional dysregulation might also extend to other social contexts, including peers and difficulties in establishing and maintaining positive peer relationships.

    GROW - part

    The overall aim of the longitudinal study was to analyze the development of children with preceding experiences of maltreatment placed in foster families and to compare it with children without maltreatment experiences. Therefore the longitudinal part compared the development of children in foster families, receiving different levels of support (see TREAT-part), with children without maltreatment experiences living in their original families.

    The sample was traced across an interval of about 12 months. The intervals between pre and post assessment resp. between the post and follow-up assessment were about six months. The initial interval included the intervention phase for the foster care children (for details see TREAT-part).

    The main assumptions regarding the longitudinal GROW-Part were (1) that there are large differences at the baseline assessments between children living in foster families in comparison to children without maltreatment experiences living in their family of origin. During the stay in a foster family (2) the differences between the foster care group and the comparison group will be reduced (even more for the group with additional intervention)

    Intervention Aims

    Usual Care Condition
    The parent-focused intervention was only offered to half of the foster families. Because foster children usually receive a number of services from the child welfare system on a routine basis, Usual Care was selected as a control condition. The government has the responsibility to protect children from further harm and therefore the Usual Care condition included all services deemed necessary by the government to follow their responsibility. As a result, the same services were also available to the intervention group. We were interested in evaluating the additional benefit of the intervention to Usual Care in foster families.

    Usual Care + foster-parent-based intervention (Taking Care Triple P)
    Subsamples of the families participating in the longitudinal study were allocated (by randomization) to an intervention focusing on their primary caregiver, in this case the foster parents. The Taking Care intervention is a prototype (newly designed but not yet fully tested) intervention which – if successful – would become part of the comprehensive parenting support system (Triple P) that promotes positive, caring, and consistent parenting practices, which have been shown to modify risks, and reduce the incidence of maltreatment (Prinz et al., 2009). The intervention has been adapted and tailored to the needs of foster parents by using consumer input in Australia (e. g., from foster parents and agencies, using focus groups) and research evidence.

    References

    Chandler, C. L. & Sanders, M. R. (2013).Taking Care Triple P - Positive Parenting Program for out-of-home care providers workbook for use with children up to 12 years old (1st Ed.). University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

    Chandler, C. L. & Sheffield, J. (2013, February). Does Triple P work with foster carers? Taking Care Triple P: Program design and review of feasibility trial. Poster presented at the Helping Families Change Conference hfcc, Los Angeles, USA.

    Prinz, R. J., Sanders, M. R., Shapiro, C. J. et al. (2009). Population-based prevention of child maltreatment: The US Triple P system population trial. Prevention Science, 10, 1-12.

    Neurobiological and neurocognitive measures

    In addition to psychological variables, neurobiological and immunological indicators were assessed to explore potential associations between psychological and neurobiological or neurocognitive parameters in children with and without maltreatment experiences. This data category was assessed at baseline within the GROW-part. Additionally, some measures were re-assessed once or twice within the TREAT-part (post-intervention and/or follow-up). 

    Sleep: Questionnaire and actigraphy data
    Parents were asked to answer the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ; German validation by Schlarb, Schwerdtle, & Hautzinger, 2010). The CSHQ yields a total score and eight subscale scores reflecting key sleep domains such as sleep duration, anxiety around sleep, behavior occurring during sleep and night wakings. In addition, actigraphy data of the child were collected on three consecutive nights.

    Neurocognition: Emotional Go/Nogo Task
    We used a slightly modified version of the Emotional Go/Nogo paradigm as previously described by Tottenham et al. (2011). The task was applied to all children aged 6 years and older in order to assess the associations between emotion discrimination, emotional regulation, cognitive control, neurobiological and psychopathological parameters as well as to evaluate the effects of the intervention. In addition, the same task was applied at baseline to all parents.

    Neurobiology: HPA axis function parameters
    Children's as well as parent's hair cortisol levels were assessed as a measure of chronic stress during the last 3 months (Stalder & Kirschbaum, 2012).

    Immunology:
    In order to define immunological parameters, which might be related to stress responses of foster children, secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) in the child's saliva was examined as a potential marker of chronic, long-term stress (Tanaka & Naruishi, 2013). In addition, the child's number of infections was assessed via interviews with the parent.

    A description of all measures used is listed here

    (Liste der eingesetzten Instrumente)

    Instrument / Name

    Thema / Topic

    Beurteiler / Source

    Literatur / Literature

    Eingesetzt im Teilprojekt / Used in Subproject

    Adverse Events

    Erfassung des Auftretens unerwünschter Ereignisse / Recording of adverse events

    Selbst- und Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Self and parent report

    Entwicklung im Rahmen der GROW&TREAT-Pflegefamilienstudie

    Längsschnitt- und Interventionsstudie / Longitudinal and intervention study

    Big Five Inventory - Short Form (BFI-S)

    Persönlichkeit / Personality

    Selbstbericht / Self report

    Gerlitz, J. Y., & Schupp, J. (2005). Zur Erhebung der Big-Five-basierten Persoenlichkeitsmerkmale im SOEP. DIW Research Notes, 4, 2005.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) 1,5-5

    Verschiedene Bereiche zu internalisierenden und externalisierenden Verhaltensweisen bei Kindern /  Internalising and externalising behaviour problems in children

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report

    Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2000). Manual for the ASEBA Preschool Forms & Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.

    Plück, J., Beiling, M., Hautmann, C., Kuschel, A., Heinrichs, N., Schmeck, K. & Döpfner, M. (2013). Die Erfassung von Verhaltensauffälligkeiten im Vorschulalter mit dem Elternfragebogen für Klein- und Vorschulkinder (CBCL/1 ½-5). Diagnostica, 59(3), 155-166.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) 4 - 18

    Verschiedene Bereiche zu internalisierenden und externalisierenden Verhaltensweisen bei Kindern / Internalising and externalising behaviour in children

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report

    Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2000). Manual for the ASEBA Preschool Forms & Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.

    Plück, J., Beiling, M., Hautmann, C., Kuschel, A., Heinrichs, N., Schmeck, K. & Döpfner, M. (2013). Die Erfassung von Verhaltensauffälligkeiten im Vorschulalter mit dem Elternfragebogen für Klein- und Vorschulkinder (CBCL/1 ½-5). Diagnostica, 59(3), 155-166.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Checkliste / Checklist

    Erlebte Misshandlungsformen / Experienced forms of maltreatment

    Fremdbericht (Jugendamt) / External report (Youth Welfare Office)

    Entwicklung im Rahmen der GROW&TREAT-Pflegefamilienstudie

    Längsschnittstudie und Moderator in der Interventionsstudie (kein Outcomemaß) / Longitudinal study and moderator in the intervention study (no outcome measure)

    Checkliste kindliche Beziehungsgesaltung (CkB) / Checklist for childlike relationship formation (CkB)

    Negative kindliche Beziehungsgestaltung / Negative child relationship behaviour

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report

    Briegel, W. (2013). Checkliste kindliche Beziehungsgestaltung (CkB). Unveröffentlicht, Leopoldina Krankenhaus

    Interventionsstudie / Intervention study

    Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ)

    Screening Instrument zur Erkennung von Schlafstörungen im Kindesalter / Screening instrument for the detection of sleep disorders in childhood

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report

    Owens, J. A., Spirito, A., & McGuinn, M. (2000). The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ): psychometric properties of a survey instrument for school-aged children. Sleep, 23(8), 1043-1052.

    Schlarb, A.A., Schwerdtle, B., & Hautzinger, M. (2010). Validation and psychometric properties of the German version of the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ-DE). Somnologie, 14(4), 260-266.

    Neurobiologische Studie / Neurobiological study

    Conflict Tactics Scale Parent-to-Child (CTS-PC)

    Erfassung des Ausmaßes verschiedener Arten körperlicher und verbaler Aggression von Eltern gegenüber ihrem Kind / Measuring the extent of different types of physical and verbal aggression by parents towards their child

    Selbstbericht (Eltern) / Self report (parents)

    Straus, M. A., Hamby, S. L., Finkelhor, D., Moore, D. W. & Runyan, D. (1998). Identification of child maltreatment with the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scales: development and psychometric data for a national sample of American parents. Child Abuse & Neglect, 22, 249-270.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Couple Satisfaction Index (CSI-32)

    Partnerschaftszufriedenheit / Couple Satisfaction

    Selbstbericht / Self report

    Funk, J.L. & Rogge, R.D. (2007). Testing the Ruler With Items Response Theory: Increasing Precision of Measurement for Relationship Satisfaction With the Couples Satisfaction Index. Journal of Family Psychology, 21 (4), 572-583.

    Graham, J. M., Diebels, K. J., & Barnow, Z. B. (2011). The reliability of relationship satisfaction: a reliability generalization meta-analysis. Journal of Family Psychology, 25(1), 39.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Der Erziehungsfragebogen (EFB) / The Education Questionnaire

    Elterliche Verhaltenstendenzen in schwierigen Erziehungssituationen, dysfunktionales Erziehungsverhalten / Parental behaviour tendencies in difficult parenting situations, dysfunctional parenting

    Selbstbericht (Eltern) / Self report (parents)

    Englische Originalversion: Arnold, D. S., O'Leary, S. G., Wolff, L. S. & Acker, M. M. (1993). The Parenting Scale: A measure of dysfunctional parenting in discipline situations. Psycho-logical Assessment, 5, 137-144.

    Deutsche Version: Naumann, S., Bertram, H., Kuschel, A., Heinrichs, N., Hahlweg, K. & Döpfner, M. (2010). Der Erziehungsfragebogen (EFB) - Ein Fragebogen zur Erfassung el-terlicher Verhaltenstendenzen in schwierigen Erziehungssituationen. Diagnostica, 56, 144-157.

    Interventionsstudie / Intervention study

    Diagnostisches Interview bei psychischen Störungen im Kindes- und Jugendalter (Kinder DIPS) / Diagnostic interview for mental disorders in childhood and adolescence (Children DIPS)

    DSM IV/ICD-10 Diagnosen / DSM IV/ICD-10 Diagnosis

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report

    Unnewehr, Adornetto, Suppiger, Margraf & Schneider, (2009). Diagnostisches Interview bei psychischen Störungen im Kindes- und Jugendalter (Kinder-DIPS) (2. akt. u. erw. Aufl.). Heidelberg: Springer.

    Interventionsstudie / Intervention study

    Dyadic Parent Child Interaction Coding System (DPICS), 4th ed.

    Eltern-Kind-Interaktion / Parent-child interaction

    Standardisierte Verhaltensbeobachtung (Eltern und Kind) / Standardized behaviour observation (parents and child)

    Eyberg, S.M., Nelson, M.,M., Ginn, N.C., Bhuiyan, N., & Boggs, S.R. (2013).  Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System: Comprehensive Manual for Research and Training (4th ed.). Gainesville, FL: PCIT International.

    Interventionsstudie / Intervention study

    Elternstressfragebogen (ESF) / Parental stress questionnaire (ESF)

    Elternstress / Parental stress

    Selbstbericht / Self report (parents)

    Domsch, H., & Lohaus, A. (2010). Elternstressfragebogen. Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Ergänzungsfragebogen zum Kinder DIPS (ACC) / Supplementary Questionnaire for Children DIPS (ACC)

    Kindliche Verhaltensprobleme / Childhood behavioural problems

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report

    Entwicklung im Rahmen der GROW&TREAT-Pflegefamilienstudie

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Erziehungszielfragebogen (EZZF) / Educational goals questionnaire

    Erziehungsziele / Educational goals

    Selbstbericht (Eltern) / Self report (parents)

    1993; Erziehungsziele von Eltern hochbegabter Kinder. In D.H. Rost (Hrsg.), Lebensumweltanalyse hochbegabter Kinder. Das Marburger Hochbegabtenprojekt (S. 75- 104). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Eyberg Elternfragebogen zu kindlichem Verhalten (ECBI) / Eyberg  Child Behaviour Inventory (ECBI)

    Expansives Verhalten/Verhaltensprobleme / Expansive behaviour/Behaviour problems

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report

    Originalversion: Eyberg, S. M. & Pincus, D. (1999). Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory and Sutter-Eyberg Student Behavior Inventory-Revised: Professional Manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment.

    Deutsche Normierung: Heinrichs, N., Bussing, R., Henrich, E., Schwarzer, G. & Briegel, W. (2014). Die Er-fassung expansiven Verhaltens mit der deutschen Version des Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI). Diagnostica, 60, 197-210.

    Interventionsstudie / Intervention study

    FAS Screening Fragebogen / Fetal alcohol screening

    Alkoholkonsum während der Schwangerschaft / Alcohol consumption during pregnancy

    Selbstbericht / Self report

    Entwicklung im Rahmen der GROW&TREAT-Pflegefamilienstudie

    Neurobiologische Studie / Neurobiological study

    Fragebogen zur Erfassung der gesundheitsbezogenen Lebensqualität von Kindern und Jugendlichen (KINDL) / Questionnaire for recording the health-related quality of life of children and adolescents

    Gesundheitsbezogene Lebensqualität / Health-related quality of life

    Selbst- und Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Self and parent report

    Ravens-Sieberer, U. & Bullinger, M. (1998a). Assessing health related quality of life in chronically ill children with the German KINDL: first psychometric and content-analytical results. Quality of Life Research, Vol. 4, No 7.

    Ravens-Sieberer, U. & Bullinger, M. (1998b). News from the KINDL-Questionnaire – A new version for adolescents. Quality of Life Research, 7, 653.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Fragebogen zur Erhebung der Emotionsregulation bei Kindern und Jugendlichen (Feel-KJ) / Questionnaire for the survey of emotion regulation in children and adolescents

    Emotionsregulationsstrategien für Angst, Trauer und Wut / Emotional regulation strategies for fear, grief and anger

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report

    Originalversion: Grob, A. & Smolenski, C. (2009). Fragebogen zur Erhebung der Emotionsregulation bei Kindern und Jugendlichen (2. akt. u. erg. Aufl.). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Kurzversion zur Fremdbeurteilung: Greuel, J. & Heinrichs, N. (2014). Eltern-Kurzversion des Fragebogens zur Erhebung der Emotionsregulation bei Kindern und Jugendlichen (FEEL-KJ). Technische Universität Braunschweig: Unpublizierter Fragebogen. Diese modifizierte Version beruht auf: Grob und Smolenski (2009). Göttingen: Hogrefe. Der Original-fragebogen kann über die Testzentrale bestellt werden.

    Neurobiologische Studie / Neurobiological study

    Fragebogen zur kindlichen Beziehungsgestaltung (FkB) / Questionnaire on childlike relationship formation (FkB)

    Positive kindliche Beziehungsgestaltung / Positive childhood relationship formation

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report

    Briegel, W. (2013). Fragebogen zur kindlichen Beziehungsgestaltung (FkB). Unveröffentlicht, Leopoldina

    Interventionsstudie / Intervention study

    Haarcortisol Fragebogen / Hair cortisol questionnaire

    Mögliche Einflussfaktoren auf die Haarcortisol Auswertung / Possible influencing factors on the hair cortisol evaluation

    Selbstbericht / Self report

    Entwicklung im Rahmen der GROW&TREAT-Pflegefamilienstudie

    Neurobiologische Studie / Neurobiological study

    Hintergrundinterview / Background Interview

    Auflistung aller möglichen Eigenschaften, die als Einzelvariablen stehen und mögliche Stör- oder Einflussvariablen abbilden können (Bereiche zu Kindergarten- oder Schulbesuch, Geschwister der Kinder, Partnerschaften der Eltern, Beruf der Eltern, Überblick über mögliche Behinderungen, Erkrankungen, Therapien, Elterntrainings, bei Pflegekindern Kontakthäufigkeit zur HKF und Herausnahmegründe aus Elternsicht sowie intent to continue)

    Absicht der Eltern das Pflegeverhältnis fortzusetzen / Listing of possible characteristics that stand as individual variables and can represent possible confounding or influencing variables (areas of kindergarten or school attendance, children's siblings, parents' partnerships, parents' professions, overview of possible disabilities, illnesses, therapies, parent training, frequency of contact with the HKF for foster children and reasons for removal from the parents' perspective as well as intention to continue)

    Intention of the parents to continue the foster care

    Selbstbericht (Eltern) / Self report (parents)

    Entwicklung im Rahmen der GROW&TREAT-Pflegefamilienstudie

    Längsschnittstudie/ Longitudinal study


















    Längsschnitt- und Interventionsstudie/ Longitudinal and intervention study

    Immundefektfragebogen / Immunodeficiency questionnaire

    Körperliche Gesundheit / Physical health

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report

    Entwickelt vom Institut für Immunologie der Uniklinik RWTH Aachen, Prof. Dr. Lothar Rink

    Neurobiologische Studie / Neurobiological study

    Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU)

    Gefühlslose, hinterlistige und hartherzige Eigenschaften / Callous, unemotional traits

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report

    Essau, C. A. , Sasagawa, S. & Frick, P. J. (2006). Callous-unemotional traits in a community sample of adolescents. Assessment; 13(4), 454–469.

    Moderator in der Interventionsstudie (kein Outcomemaß) / Moderator in the intervention study (no outcome measure)

    Parent-Child Play Task and Observation System (PTOS)

    Eltern-Kind-Interaktion / Parent-child interaction

    Standardisierte Verhaltensbeobachtung (Eltern und Kind) / Standardized observation of behaviour (parents and child)

    Rusby, J. C., Sanders, M., Milchak, C., Hulegaard, K., Lange, T., Ware, R. & Metzler, C. W. (2009). Mother-Child Play Task Observation System (Mother-Child PTOS) Manual. Unpublished Manuscript.

    Interventionsstudie / Intervention study

    Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance for Young Children (PSCSA)

    Selbstwahrnehmung und wahrgenommene soziale Akzeptanz im Selbstbericht / Self-perception and perceived social acceptance in the self-report

    Selbstbericht / Self report

    Fantuzzo, J. W., McDermott, P. A., Manz, P. H., Hampton, V. R., & Burdick, N. A. (1996). The Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence and Social Acceptance: Does It Work with Low‐Income Urban Children?

    Child Development, 67(3), 1071-1084.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Preschool Anxiety Scale (PAS)

    Angst / Anxiety

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report

    Originalversion: Spence, S. H., Rapee, R., McDonald, C. & Ingram, M. (2001). The structure of anxiety symptoms among preschoolers. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 39, 1293-1316.

    Interventionsstudie / Intervention study

    Relationship Problems Questionnaire (RPQ)

    Screeninginstrument für Bindungsstörungen / Screening instrument for attachment disorders

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report

    Minnis, H., Macmillan, S., Pritchett, R., Young, D., Wallace, B., Butcher, J., ... & Gillberg, C. (2013). Prevalence of reactive attachment disorder in a deprived population. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 202(5), 342-346.

    Pérez, T., Di Gallo, A., Schmeck, K., & Schmid, M. (2011). Zusammenhang zwischen interpersoneller Traumatisierung, auffälligem Bindungsverhalten und psychischer Belastung bei Pflegekindern. Kindheit und Entwicklung, 20(2), 72–82. doi:10.1026/0942-5403/a000043

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Soziale-Erwünschtheits-Skala-17 (SES-17) / Social Desirability Scale-17

    Tendenz zu sozialer Erwünschtheit / Tendency towards social desirability

    Selbstbericht (Eltern) / Self report (parents)

    Stöber, J. (1999). Die Soziale-Erwünschtheits-Skala-17 (SES-17): Entwicklung und erste Befunde zu Reliabilität und Validität. Diagnostica, 45, 173-177.

    Stöber, J. (2001). The Social Desirability Scale-17 (SDS-17): Convergent validity, discriminant validity, and relationship with age. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 17, 222-232.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Sozialisationsziele (SZ) / Socialisation goals

    Übergeordnete gesellschaftliche Ziele der Eltern für ihre Kinder / Overall social goals of parents for their children

    Selbstbericht / Self report

    Kärtner, J., Keller, H., Chaudhary, N., Yovsi, R.D. (2012). The Development of Mirror Self-Recognition in Different Socio-Cultural Contexts. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 77, 1-87.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Traumaliste aus dem Early Trauma Inventory (ETI) / Traumalist of the Early Trauma Inventory (ETI)

    Traumata

    Fremdbericht (Eltern) / Parent report 

    Originalveröffentlichung: Bremner, J.D., Vermetten, E. & Mazure, C.M. (2000). Development and preliminary psychometric properties of an instrument for the measurement of childhood trauma: The Early Trauma Inventory. Depression and Anxiety, 12, 1-12.

    Deutsche Übersetzung: Wingenfeld, K., Driessen, M., Mensebach, C., Rullkoetter, N., Schaffrath, C., Spitzer, C., . . . Heim, C. (2011). Die deutsche Version des „Early Trauma Inventory” (ETI). Diagnostica, 57(1), 27–38. doi:10.1026/0012-1924/a000036

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV), (ehemals /former HAWIK-IV)

    Intelligenz / Intelligence

    Standardisiertes Verfahren (Kinder) / Standardized procedure (children)

    Wechsler, D. (2011). WISC-IV - Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (Deutsche Ausgabe) - Fourth Edition.Frankfurt a. M.: Pearson.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI-III)

    Intelligenz / Intelligence

    Standardisiertes Verfahren (Kinder) / Standardized procedure (children)

    Petermann, F. & Lipsius, M. (2009). WPPSI-III - Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence - Third Edition - deutsche Version. Frankfurt a. M.: Pearson.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Winkler-Index

    Instrument zur Ermittlung eines Indexes für den sozioökonomischen Status der Familie / Instrument for determining an index of the socio-economic status of the family

    Selbstbericht (Eltern) / Self report (parents)

    Winkler, J. & Stolzenberg, H. (2009). Adjustierung des Sozialen-Schicht-Index für die Anwendung im Kinder- und Jugendgesundheitssurvey (KiGGS) 2003/2006. Wismarer Diskussionspapiere (7).

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Zürcher Kurzfragebogen zum Erziehungsverhalten (ZKE) / Zurich Short Questionnaire on Educational Behaviour (ZKE)

    Fragebogen zur Erfassung des Erziehungsverhalten für drei Bereiche / Questionnaire to record parenting behaviour for three areas

    Selbstbericht / Self report

    Reitzle M., Metzke C.W., Steinhausen H.C. (2001). Eltern und Kinder: Der Zürcher Kurzfragebogen zum Erziehungsverhalten (ZKE). Diagnostica, 47, 196-207. 


    Reitzle, M. (1993). Eltern und Kinder. Ein Kurzfragebogen zum elterlichen Erziehungsverhalten. Zürich: Psychiatrische Universitätspoliklinik für Kinder und Jugendliche.

    Längsschnittstudie / Longitudinal study

    Publications

    Chodura, S., Lohaus, A., Symanzik, T., Möller, C., Heinrichs, N. & Konrad, K (2019). Die demographischen Eigenschaften von Pflegefamilien in Deutschland. Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, 47, 211-227.

    Ehrenberg, D., Lohaus, A., Konrad, K. & Heinrichs, N. (2018). Kindesmisshandlung bei Pflegekindern: Eine Studie zur Untersuchung der Häufigkeit und der spezifischen und kumulierten Auswirkungen von Kindesmisshandlung. Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 47, 77-88.

    Job, A.-K., Ehrenberg, D., Hilpert, P., Reindl, V., Lohaus, A., Konrad, K. & Heinrichs, N. (2020). Taking Care Triple P for Foster Parents With Young Children in Foster Care: Results of a 1-Year Randomized Trial. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

    Job, A.-K., Lohaus, A., Kerkeroff, D., Nussbeck, F., Konrad, K. & Heinrichs, N. (2019). Dyadic Coping in Foster and Biological Parents and its Relation to Child Psychopathology - Longitudinal Results. European Journal of Health Psychology.

    Job, A.K., Lohaus, A., Konrad, K., Scharke, W., Reindl, V. & Heinrichs, N. (2016). Die Rolle von adpativer und maladaptiver Emotionsregulation bei Pflegekindern mit Misshandlungserfahrung. Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, 45, 267-278.

    Lohaus, A., Chodura, S., Möller, C., Symanzik, T., Ehrenberg, D., Job, A.-K., Reindl, V., Konrad, K., Heinrichs, N. (2017). Children's Mental Health Problems and their Relation to Parental Stress in Foster Mothers and Fathers. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. 11:43

    Lohaus, A., Kerkhoff, D., Chodura, S., Möller, C., Symanzik, T., Rueth, J. E., Ehrenberg, D., Job, A.-K., Reindl, V., Konrad, K. & Heinrichs, N. (2018). Longitudinal Relationships between Foster Children’s Mental Health Problems and Parental Stress in Foster Mothers and Fathers. European Journal of Health Psychology, 25, 33-42. doi:10.1027/2512-8442/a000007

    Reindl, V., Job, A. K., Heinrichs, N., Lohaus, A. & Konrad, K. (2017). Multimethodale Erfassung der kindlichen Emotionsregulation. Kindheit & Entwicklung, 26 (3), 166-174.

    Symanzik, T., Job, A.-K., Lohaus, A., Konrad, A., Heinrichs, N., Chodura, S., & Reindl, V.  (2019). Stability and Change of Attachment Symptoms and Interpersonal Problems in Foster Children. Mental Health & Prevention, 13, 35-42.