On Mars, the environment outside the habitat is lethal for humans, meaning that inhabitants must entrust their lives to the life support system of the habitat. This life support system will be bioregenerative, with photosynthetic organisms producing the oxygen needed by the crew. Networks of sensors monitor both life support system and crew, and the crew interacts with the life support system through the sensors. Together, these three components form the “living” habitat.
Dr.-Ing. Christiane Heinicke Moon and Mars Base Analog ZARM – Center of Applied Space Technology and Microgravity University of Bremen