Research Highlights

Thermal anomalies and phase transitions in Pb2Sc2Si2O9 and Pb2In2Si2O9

Mathias Gogolin , M. Mangir Murshed , Lkhamsuren Bayarjargal , Detlef Klimm and Thorsten M. Gesing

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials (2021), 236, 283-292

Pb2Sc2Si2O9 and Pb2In2Si2O9, respectively, the scandium and indium containing structural analogues of the mineral kentrolite are grown by spontaneous crystallization from a PbO flux. The corresponding polycrystalline powder samples are synthesized by conventional solid-state approach. The compounds are thoroughly characterized using temperature-dependent single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction, heat capacity measurements, second harmonic generation experiments and Raman spectroscopy. At ambient conditions, both compounds crystallize in the non-centrosymmetric Pna21 space group and undergo phase transitions to the centrosymmetric Pbcn space group at elevated temperatures. The Pbcn into Pna21 phase transitions are complemented by the signals of the temperature-dependent second harmonic generation. The specific heat capacity exhibits distinct cusp, supporting the λ-type second-order phase transition. The temperature dependency of some selective Raman modes further complements the findings, showing softening and hardening of the phonons across the phase transitions.

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