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Damping sloshing waves with confinement, foams, or contact angle hysteresis

Veranstalter: ZARM Universität Bremen
Ort: ZARM Universität Bremen, Am Fallturm 2 - 28359 Bremen - Raum 1730
Beginn: 24. April 2019, 13:00 Uhr
Ende: 24. April 2019, 14:00 Uhr

Dr. Benjamin Dollet

Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Physique, CNRS and Grenoble Alpes University, France

We first consider sloshing in a confined geometry. Experimentally, we study the air/liquid interface motion of a liquid in a narrow rectangular cell shaken at different frequencies, and show that sloshing can then be suppressed for sufficiently viscous liquids. On the theoretical side, while the classical analysis of sloshing determines inviscid modes and plugs in dissipation afterwards, which is not fully consistent, we present a slender-body approach which enables to consider viscous dissipation at leading order. The resulting predictions are in excellent agreement with our measurements [Viola, Gallaire & Dollet, J. Fluid Mech. (2017)].


Second, we study sloshing in a cylindrical container of a liquid covered by a layer of foam. Foam damps sloshing efficiently, as beer drinkers know by experience. Moreover, due to the peculiar nature of foam/wall friction, namely the fact that the friction force depends nonlinearly on the sliding exponent, with a power law of exponent lower than one, we show that sloshing oscillations are damped in finite time, like solid friction, and unlike usual viscous dissipation. We rationalise this observation using multiple-scale analysis [Viola, Brun, Dollet & Gallaire, Phys. Fluids (2016)].

Third, we present preliminary results on the effect of contact line sliding motion on sloshing damping, which has heretofore remained elusive. To simplify the analysis, we have performed experiments on free decaying oscillations of a liquid column in a U-shaped tube. We show that like for foams, a strong nonlinear dissipation, reminiscent of solid friction, can dominate the dynamics if contact angle hysteresis is strong enough.