Social-ecological Governance & Justice

Research group

Vier mit Vorhängen geschlossene Wahlkabinen, unter dem Vorhang zu sehen sind die Beine eines Mannes, eines Flamingos, die Arme eines Oktopus, die Beine einer Frau und eine grüne Pflanze, über den Vorhang ragt der kopf der Flamingos

Who we are

In our research group, we work on issues of governance and justice in socio-ecological transformation processes from an interdisciplinary perspective. In particular, we conduct applied research on conflict, participation, process design, and knowledge transfer, with a focus on energy transition processes.

Conceptually, we draw primarily on approaches from human geography, environmental psychology, political science and cultural studies. We work with qualitative and quantitative social research methods (interviews, focus groups, questionnaire studies) as well as discourse and policy field analyses. Our spatial analysis is multi-scale, ranging from the neighborhood level to global interdependencies. In transdisciplinary research designs, we work closely with a broad range of stakeholders from civil society, business, politics, and government.

Research projects

hyBit: justice

Multiple justices in hydrogen transitions

The project “hyBit: justice” is a social science sub-project in the joint research project “hyBit: Hydrogen for Bremen's industrial Transformation”, which deals with the analysis of justice and sustainability aspects in the context of industrial hydrogen transformation as a decarbonisation strategy. The spatial analysis ranges from the neighbourhood level to global interdependencies of hydrogen-based energy transformations. A broad spectrum of methods is applied here, in particular document analyses, interviews, focus group workshops and participant observation.



Cooperation of cities and surrounding areas for climate resilience: Governance innovations for the combined use of biomass and waste heat for energy provision

The innovativeness of this joint project lies in the development of governance structures for integrating unused biomass potential as well as industrial waste heat in local energy transformation. Public and private waste and energy management offers plentiful optimization potential – especially regarding by-products. This joint project will develop decision support for using this potential for local heat and other energy provision in an ecologically and economically appropriate way. Additionally, we will focus on the establishment of cooperative strategies for optimizing biomass production in locations which are not suitable for food and feed production, or are suitable only in a limited way. When analysing the organizational and governance innovations and their implementation strategies as well as reflecting on their transferability into other environmental and climate related fields, we will follow a fully transdisciplinary approach. Regarding analysing the technical potential, various aspects need to be considered, such as the integration of multiple types of biomass, as well as their seasonal availability. This joint project will be carried out by several partners, and it is coordinated by artec at the University of Bremen. Following a genuinely transdisciplinary approach, the consortium includes: scientific institutions with expertise in sustainability research, future studies, and transformation research; energy consultancies with a strong regional expertise; communities and local districts in the region of Northern Hesse. Additional expertise will be provided by regional cooperation partners, such as machinery rings, local farmers’ associations, district waste management facilities, private companies, etcetera. The overall goal of the project is to identify appropriate governance structures and implementation strategies for sustainable regional transitions, using the example of an optimized utilization of regional biomass for energy, including utilizing industrial waste heat”. Furthermore, the project aims to examine the sustainability, scope, and transferability of the results.


Baasch, S. (2024). Multiple fragmentation as a challenge for municipal heat transition with biogenic residues and waste in rural areas in Germany, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management,

Baasch, S. (2023). Towards an integrative understanding of multiple energy justices, Geographica Helvetica, 78, 547–558.

Baasch, S. (2023). Multipel, komplex und oft übersehen: Gerechtigkeit(en) in Beteiligungsverfahren. In S. Klepp. & J. Hein (Eds.): Umweltgerechtigkeit und sozialökologische Transformation – Konflikte um Nachhaltigkeit im deutschsprachigen Raum (pp. 45-64), Bielefeld, Deutschland: transcript Verlag.

Baasch S. & Lenz, C. (2022). Interkommunale Kooperationen als Voraussetzung für den Ausbau von Bioenergiepotenzialen und der Gestaltung kommunaler Wärmewende. Standort, 46, 259–264.

Maschke, J. (2022). Veränderungen im Stromverbrauch durch die Nutzung erneuerbarer Energien. Zum Einfluss von Rebound-Effekten auf den Stromverbrauch. Umweltpsychologie 26(1), 54-62.

Maschke, J. (2022). Folgen der eigenen Erzeugung und Nutzung von Energie aus erneuerbaren Ressourcen für den privaten Energiekonsum. artec-paper 230.

Baasch, S. (2021). Energy transition with biomass residues and waste: regional-scale potential and conflicts. A case study from North Hesse, Germany. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 23, 243-255.

Baasch, S. (2020). An interdisciplinary perspective on environmental justice: integrating subjective beliefs and perceptions. DIE ERDE – Journal of the Geographical Society of Berlin, 151(2-3), 77–89.

Baasch, S. (2020). Elektromobilität als Baustein einer ländlichen Mobilitätswende. Kommunale Elektromobilitäts- und Carsharing-Strategien. In A. Brunnengräber & T. Haas.: Baustelle Elektromobilität (pp. 211-228), Bielefeld, Deutschland: transcript Verlag.

Baasch, S. (2023, 21. September). Multiple Gerechtigkeiten in der Energiewende. Am Beispiel grüner Wasserstoffstrategien in Deutschland. Deutscher Kongress für Geographie, Frankfurt (Main).

Maschke, J. & J. Buhk (2023, 21. September). Wasserstoffbasierte industrielle Transformation und Energy Justice. Hydrogen for Bremen´s industrial transformation (hyBit). Deutscher Kongress für Geographie, Frankfurt (Main).

Baasch, S. (2021, 2. September). An interdisciplinary perspective on environmental justice: integrating subjective beliefs and perceptions. RGS-IBG Annual International Conference, London.

Baasch, S. (2021, 29. September). Governance innovations for decentralized energy transitions by biomass and biogenic waste use. 5th Energy & Society Conference, Universitá di Trento, online.

Baasch, S. (2021, 3. Februar). Sozial-ökologische Transformation: (Was) verändert die Corona-Krise? Online-Ringvorlesung an der Hochschule für Medien, Kommunikation und Wirtschaft (HMKW) Köln.

Maschke, J. (2021, 10. Februar). Changes in the private energy consumption through the use and the production of electricity from renewable resources. 5th Energy & Society Conference, Universitá di Trento, online.

Maschke, J. (2021, 30. September). Changes in the energy consumption of private households due to the production and the use of renewable energies. MAPEX Symposium, Universität Bremen, online.

Maschke, J. (2021, 18. November). Use of renewable energies and rebound-effects in electricity consumption. SIET Conference, TU Delft, online.


Stefanie Baasch


University of Bremen
Sustainabiity Research Center
Enrique-Schmidt-Straße 7
28359 Bremen

Phone +49 (0) 421 / 218-618 11
Fax +49 (0) 421 / 218-98618 11
E-Mail: stefanie.baaschprotect me ?!uni-bremenprotect me ?!.de