The main focus of research carried out in the department of Physical Chemistry is the investigation of materials (in particular nanostructured materials) synthesized by innovative, non-traditional preparation techniques aiming at the exploration of their surface (chemical) and catalytic properties.
The Hybrid Materials Interfaces (HMI) Group at the Faculty of Production Engineering has been founded in October 2008 as an Endowed Chair of the Conrad Naber Foundation. The focus of its research lies on the atomic-level studies of interfaces between technological materials and biological macromolecules, with applications in the fields of biomedical implants, biosensors, pharmaceutical packaging, biocompatible adhesives, and many others. The study of nanoparticulate materials, especially in battery cathodes, is a further research area. The activities of the group comprise on one side experimental research, mainly by means of atomic force microscopy and circular dichroism spectroscopy. On the other side, advanced theoretical modelling from the quantum to the classical level of precision is employed. The group members are affiliated to the Bremen Center for Computational Materials Science (BCCMS) and the Centre for Environmental Research and Sustainable Technology (UFT).
The Neurobiochemistry group investigates basal mechanisms of the metabolism of the individual types of brain cells as well as the metabolic interactions that take place between different types of brain cells. Aim of the studies is the improvement of the understanding of the basal metabolism in brain and of the molecular mechanisms contributing to the reported disturbances in brain metabolism in neurological disorders.
The department of General and Theoretical Ecology studies interactions with their biotic and abiotic environment. The resulting ecosystem services, particularly those of soils, are an essential basis for human existence. New products and technologies are accompanied during the development process in order to avoid undesired environmental effects.
The department of Environmental Process Engineering focuses on mass transfer in multiphase systems using multiscale approaches. Our findings from basic research are transferred into applications in industrial wastewater treatment, biotechnological processes, membrane applications as well as chemical processes and products.
The department of Chemical Engineering is engaged in topics referring to reaction and separation technology for sustainable processes. Special attention is paid to the influence of heat- and mass transport on processes in (micro-)structured systems. Additionally, the effects of superimposed electrical fields are studied in both reaction and separation processes.
The department of Marine Ecology pursues an interdisciplinary approach and uses a range of appropriate tools from the fields of ecophysiology, biogeochemistry, and microbiology in order to address the following focal research areas:
- Ecosystem engineers and other key organism groups
- Dynamics of benthic communities
- Nutrient cycles and energy transfer