...means inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. We use a ThermoFinnigan Element2 for quantitative analysis of trace and ultratrace elements in geological and non-geological samples.

An Element2 inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer in the laboratory.


...means laser ablation-inductive coupled plasma mass spectrometry. We use a New Wave UP193ss laser ablation system in Bremen for quantitative analysis of different types of solid sample materials.

A laser device used for laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.


...means electron probe micro analysis. We use a Cameca XS100 electron beam microprobe, for high spatial resolution and non-destructive analysis of element concentrations in (non-)geological samples.

An electron beam microprobe in a laboratory.

X-ray µ-CT

...means X-ray microtomography. At the department of Geosciences at the University of Bremen we use a ProCon CT-ALPHA X-ray microtomograph to non-destructively determine the spatial distribution of matter inside a sample.

The image shows an X-ray microtomograph next to a control computer.


...stands for field emission scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Our laboratory is equipped with the field emission electron microscope SUPRA 40 from the company Zeiss and a Bruker XFlash 6|30 EDX detector.

A scanning electron microscope and an energy dispersive X-ray spectroscope in the laboratory

Dickson-Type Reactor a reactor designating an experimental arrangement originally described by Dickson  et al. (1963), which can be used to simulate various processes occurring in hydrothermal systems under laboratory conditions.

The picture shows a Dickson-type reactor next to a control element on which pressure and temperature can be read off.

X-Ray trans­pa­rent flow-through re­ac­tor

Flow reactors refer to an experimental setup that can be used to simulate flow-dependent water-rock interactions under laboratory conditions.

A flow reactor inside a heating furnace.