Christophe Galerne

Christophe Galerne in a dark T-shirt in the laboratory aboard a research vessel.

Dr. Christophe Galerne

GEO Room 5300
Klagenfurter Straße 2-4
28359 Bremen, Germany


Phone: +49 421 218 65406
Email

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  • Magma-sediment interactions
    • Mechanics of magma emplacement
    • Magma sediment mingling (peperite)
    • Thermogenic cracking
    • Hydrothermal fluid flow circulation powered by cooling intrusion
    • Mechanics of venting
  • Magma cooling and crystallization
    • Columnar joint formation
    • Natural CO2 uptake during magma emplacement
  • LIP volcanism and volcanic margins
  • IODP
    • Exp. 385 – Guaymas Basin Tectonics and Biosphere (shipboard scientist)
    • Exp. 396 – Mid-Norwegian Marin Magmatism and Paleoclimate Implications (shore-based collaborator)
  • Mud volcanism
  • Field geology
  • Petrophysics
  • Volcanology (incl. petro-geochemistry)
  • Mechanics of magma emplacement
  • Modelling magma-sediment interaction
  • 2-D seismic (volcano-stratigraphy)

DFG funded research post-IODP Cruise Expedition 385

I am currently investigating the process of magma-sediment interplay and the longevity of shallow hydrothermal systems powered by shallow off-axis sill intrusions in the Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California. These systems hold many keys to answer fundamental questions related to the role of rift magmatism in the global carbon cycle, climate change and how life may bloom during a large rifting event.

This research incorporates newly collected petrophysical data from the International Ocean Discovery Program Expedition 385 (IODP  Exp. 385) to study and quantify, the multifold implications of the magma-sediment mingling process in a young rifted basin.

  • Natural carbonation processes within basaltic magma upon emplacement (University of Bremen, Germany; MARUM in Bremen, Germany; University of Oslo, Norway)
  • Offshore Carbon Capture and Sequestration – CCS in basalts (University of Bremen, Germany; MARUM in Bremen, Germany; University of Oslo, Norway; GEOMAR in Kiel, Germany)
  • Impact of magmatic activity and magma-sediment interactions on fluid circulation and chemical element transfer (metals, carbon) (University of Besancon, France; University of Bremen, Germany)
  • Sill intrusion as capacitor for petroleum migration and storage (University of Bremen, Germany; University of Oslo, Norway)
  • Karoo LIP volcanism – geochemistry and geochronology (University of Bremen, Germany; University of Pretoria, South Africa; University of Göttingen, Germany)
  • since 2021: Associate member of the Cluster of Excellence “The Ocean Floor – Earth’s Uncharted Interfaces”
  • 2020: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, SPP 527 Bereich Infrastruktur – “International Ocean Discovery Program“ (IODP) #GA 1939/6-1 (226,300 €). Topic: Magma-sediment interactions and time scales of related hydrothermal systems – importance for the global carbon cycle and the deep biosphere.
  • 2022: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, SPP 527 Bereich Infrastruktur – “International Ocean Discovery Program“ (IODP) #GA 1939/6-2 (121,525 €). Topic: Magma-sediment mingling processes, control and longevity of related hydrothermal systems – Implications for the Earth’s Subseafloor Elements-, Plate Life-Cycles.

Total: 338.825 €

05/12/2023: Winner of the #DATIpilot #InnovationOnStage in Rostock, Germany


Curriculum vitae

 

Date of birth: May 5, 1978

Place of birth: Nancy, France

Nationality: French

Languages: French, English

 

Scientific career

since Dec. 2023PostDoc, MARUM, University of Bremen, Germany
2020-2023PostDoc, University of Bremen, Germany
2017-2020PostDoc, GEOMAR Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany
2013-2014Scientific consultant for a private company
2008-2012PostDoc, University of Bonn, Germany
2009PhDPhysics of Geological Processes (PGP), University of Oslo, Norway
2004-2009PhD student in Earth Sciences, Physics of Geological Processes (PGP), University of Oslo, Norway
2004Master degree in Earth Sciences,Université de Bretagne Occidentale (UBO) et Institue European de la Mer (IUEM), Brest, France

Expeditions

Field campaigns

Padberg(2021, 2022(2), North Rhine-Westphalia, (Germany), Karoo Basin (2004-2005, 2012, South Africa);Zugspitze(2012, Germany); Elba(2010, Italy);Idaho (2005, USA);Bretagne(2004, France); Bretagne (2003, France); Bretagne(2002, France); Alps (2001);Cantal(2001, France),Ouessant(2001, France).


Publications

  • Cheviet A, Buatier M, Choulet F, Galerne C, Ribouleau A, Aiello I, Marsagia K, Höfig TW (2023): Contact metamorphism reactions and fluid-rock interactions related to magmatic sill intrusion in the Guaymas Basin. European Journal of Mineralogy  35, 987-1007.
    doi:10.5194/ejm-35-987-2023 |
  • Rabbel O, Galerne C, Hasenclever J, Galland O, Mair K, Palma O (2023): Impact of permeability evolution in igneous sills on hydrothermal flow and hydrocarbon transport in volcanic sedimentary basins. Solid Earth 14, 625-646.
    doi:10.5194/se-14-625-2023 |
  • Neumann F, Negrete-Aranda R, Harris R, Contreras J, Galerne CY, Peña-Salinas M, Spelz R, Teske A, Lizarralde D, Höfig TW (2023): Heat flow and thermal regime in the Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California: Estimates of conductive and advective heat transport. Basin Research 35(4), 1308-1328.
    doi:10.1111/bre.12755 |
  • Lizarralde D, Teske A, Höfig TW, González-Fernández A, and the IODP Expedition 385 Scientists (2023): Carbon released by sill intrusion into young sediments measured through scientific drilling. Geology 51(4), 329-333.
    doi:10.1130/G50665.1 |
  • Lenhardt N, Galerne C, Le Roux P, Götz AE, Lötter FJP (2023): Geochemistry of dolerite intrusions of the southeastern Main Karoo Basin, South Africa: Magma evolution, evidence for thermogenic gas sequestration, and potential implications for the early Toarcian oceanic anoxic event. Gondwana Research 113, 144-162.
    doi:10.1016/j.gr.2022.10.017 |
  • Sarkar S, Moser M, Berndt C, Doll M, Böttner C, Chi W-C, Klaeschen D, Galerne C, Karstens J, Geilert S, Mortera-Gutierrez C, Hensen C (2022): Thermal state of the Guaymas Basin derived from gas hydrate bottom simulating reflections and heat flow measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 127(8), e2021JB023909.
    doi:10.1029/2021JB023909 |
  • Teske A, Lizarralde D, Höfig TW and the Expedition 385 Scientists (2020): Expedition 385 Preliminary Report: Guaymas Basin Tectonics and Biosphere. International Ocean Discovery Program.
    doi: 10.14379/iodp.pr.385.2020 |
  • Galerne CY, Berndt C (2020): Magmatismus in Sedimentbecken. Der Ursache vergangener Umweltkatastrophen auf der Spur. In: Spreen, D., Kandarr, J. (Eds), Vulkanismus und Gesellschaft. Zwischen Risiko, Vorsorge und Faszination, Potsdam: Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, 5.4.
    doi: 10.2312/eskp.2020.2.5.4 |
  • Neumann E-R, Marsh JS, Galerne CY, Polteau S, Svensen H, Planle S (2020): Co-existing low-Ti and high-Ti dolerites in two large dykes in the Gap Dyke swarm, southeastern Karoo Basin (South Africa). South African Journal of Geology 123(1), 19-34.
    doi: 10.25131/sajg.123.0003 |
  • Galerne CY, Hasenclever J (2019): Distinct degassing pulses during magma invasion in the Stratified Karoo Basin – New insights from hydrothermal fluid flow modeling. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 20(6), 2955-2984.
    doi: 10.1029/2018GC008120 |
  • Collignon M, Schmid DW, Galerne CY, Lupi M, Mazzini A (2018): Modelling of mud volcano dynamics: application to the Lusi mud eruption. Marine and Petroleum Geology 90, 173-190.
    doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2017.08.011 |
  • Galerne CY, Neumann E-R (2014): Geochemical fingerprinting and magmatic plumbing systems. In: Breitkreuz, C., Rocchi, S. (eds.) Physical Geology of Shallow Magmatic Systems. Advances in Volcanology, 119-130.
    doi: 10.1007/11157_2014_4 |
  • Iyer K, Rüpke L, Galerne CY (2013): Modeling fluid flow in sedimentary basins with sill intrusions: Implications for hydrothermal venting and climate change. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 14(12), 5244-5262.
    doi: 10.1002/2013GC005012 |
  • Galerne CY, Galland O, Neumann E-R, Planke S (2011): 3-D relationships between sills and their feeders: evidence from geological data, geochemistry and experimental modelling. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 202(3-4), 189-199.
    doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2011.02.006 |
  • Neumann E-R, Svensen H, Galerne CY, Planke S (2011): Multistage evolution of magmas in the Karoo Large Igneous Province. Journal of Petrology 52(5), 959-984.
    doi: 10.1093/petrology/egr011 |
  • Galerne CY, Neumann E-R, Aarnes I, Planke S (2010): Magmatic Differentiation Processes in Saucer-Shaped Sills: Evidence from the Golden Valley Sill in the Karoo Basin, South Africa. Geosphere  6(3), 163-188.
    doi: 10.1130/GES00500.1 |
  • Tantserev E, Galerne CY, Podladchikov YY (2009): Multi-phase in multi-component porous visco-elastic media. Poromechanics IV – 4th Biot Conference on Poromechanics, 959-964.
  • Galerne CY, Neumann E-R, Planke S (2008): Emplacement Mechanisms of Sill Complexes: Information from the Geochemical Architecture of the Golden Valley Sill Complex, South Africa. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 177(2), 425-440.
    doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.06.004 |
  • Galerne CY, Caroff M, Rolet J, Le Gall B (2006): Magma-sediment mingling in an Ordovician rift basin: The Plouézec-Plourivo half-graben, Armorican Massif, France. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 155(3-4), 164-168.
    doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2006.03.030 |

 

Advances in Volcanology (2014)

  • Galerne CY, Neumann E-R (2014): Geochemical fingerprinting and magmatic plumbing systems. In: Breitkreuz, C., Rocchi, S. (eds.Physical Geology of Shallow Magmatic Systems. Advances in Volcanology.
    doi: 10.1007/11157_2014_4 |

 

IODP Proceedings Volume 385 (2021)

  • Teske A, Lizarralde D, Höfig TW, and the Expedition 385 Scientists (2021): Expedition 385 Summary. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program 385.
    doi: 10.14379/iodp.proc.385.101.2021 |
  • Teske A, Lizarralde D, Höfig TW, and the Expedition 385 Scientists (2021): Expedition 385 methods. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program 385.
    doi: 10.14379/iodp.proc.385.102.2021 |
  • Teske A, Lizarralde D, Höfig TW, and the Expedition 385 Scientists (2021): Site U1545. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program 385.
    doi: 10.14379/iodp.proc.385.103.2021 |
  • Teske A, Lizarralde D, Höfig TW, and the Expedition 385 Scientists (2021): Site U1546. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program 385.
    doi: 10.14379/iodp.proc.385.104.2021 |
  • Teske A, Lizarralde D, Höfig TW, and the Expedition 385 Scientists (2021): Site U1547 and U1548. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program 385.
    doi: 10.14379/iodp.proc.385.105.2021 |
  • Teske A, Lizarralde D, Höfig TW, and the Expedition 385 Scientists (2021): Site U1549. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program 385.
    doi: 10.14379/iodp.proc.385.106.2021 |
  • Teske A, Lizarralde D, Höfig TW, and the Expedition 385 Scientists (2021): Site U1550. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program 385.
    doi: 10.14379/iodp.proc.385.107.2021 |
  • Teske A, Lizarralde D, Höfig TW, and the Expedition 385 Scientists (2021): Site U1551. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program 385.
    doi: 10.14379/iodp.proc.385.108.2021 |
  • Teske A, Lizarralde D, Höfig TW, and the Expedition 385 Scientists (2021): Site U1552. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program 385.
    doi: 10.14379/iodp.proc.385.109.2021 |

SO299 DYNAMET – GeoDYNAmics & METallogeny (2023)

  • Brandl PA et al. (2023): Arc rifting, metallogeny and microplate evolution: An integrated geodynamic, magmatic and hydrothermal study of the Bismark Archipelago, Papua New Guinea. Cruise Report SO299. June 6 – July 9, 2023, Townsville (Australia) – Singapore.

  • Tantserev E, Galerne CY, Podladchikov YY (2009): Multi-Phase in Multi-Component Porous Visco-Elastic Media. Poromechanics IV – 4th Biot Conference on Poromechanics,pp. 959-964.

37 contributions 2006

 

Most recent conferences

  • Galerne CY, Bach W, Lenhardt N, Hasenclever J,Kopf A, Kahl W-A, Wiggers C, Götz AE (2023): The role of basalts in the Earth’s carbon-cycle: lessons learnt from continental and ocean drilling investigations to tackle anthropogenic warming. GeoBerlin 2023, Berlin, Germany, September 3-8,2023.
  • Galerne CY, Bach W, Wiggers C, Neumann F, Hoefig TW, Lizarralde D, Kahl W-A, Teske A, Cheviet A, Buatier M, Peña-Salinas M, Stock J, Karsten J, Berndt C, Monien P, Negrete-Aranda R, Böttner C (2023): Geology of a steady state low-temperature hydrothermal system at the subseafloor, a live example from the Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California. AGU Chapman Conference, Agros, Cyprus, May 15-19, 2023.

EGU 2022 (7)

  • Galerne CY, Bach W, Berndt C, Schwark L, Höfig T, Buatier M, Cheviet A, Kahl W-A, Hasenclever J, Lizarralde D, Stockhausen M, Wiggers C, Karstens J, Monien P, and the IODP Expedition 385 Scientists (2022): Magma-sediment mingling processes, control and longevity of related hydrothermal systems – Implications for the Earth’s Carbon-, Plate-, Life-Cycles (IODP Exp 385, Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California). European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria.
    doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu22-6679 |
  • Kahl W-A, Galerne CY, Bach W (2022): Assessing mechanisms and timing in magma-sediment interaction in the subseafloor: True 3-D microfabric observations provide insights into shallow sill emplacement processes. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria.
    doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu22-9637 |
  • Wiggers C, Galerne CY, Acosta M, Pistone M, Bach W, Kahl W-A, Burwicz-Galerne E, Monien P, Baumgartner LP, Höfig T, Klügel A (2022): Microstructural and chemical investigation of magma-sediment mingling in natural and laboratory samples. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria.
    doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu22-9301 |
  • Aiello I, Höfig T, Riboulleau A, Galerne CY, Buatier M (2022): Relationships between routing of magma and biosilica diagenesis in the shallow subseafloor of a nascent ocean basin (Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California). European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria.
    doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu22-6464 |
  • Cheviet A, Buatier M, Choulet F, Galerne CY, Riboulleau A, Aiello I, Marsaglia K (2022): Contact metamorphic reactions related to magmatic sill intrusion in the Guaymas basin. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria.
    doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu22-6261 |
  • Morono Y, Teske A, Galerne CY, Bojanova D, Edgcomb V, Meyer N, Schubert F, Toffin L and the IODP Expedition 385 Scientists (2022): Microbial cell distribution in the Guaymas Basin subseafloor biosphere, a young marginal rift basin with rich organics and steep temperature gradient. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria.
    doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu22-3312 |
  • Neumann F, Negrete-Aranda R, Harris RN, Contreras J, Galerne CY, Peña-Salinas MS, Spelz-Madero R, Lizarralde D, Teske A, Hoefig, T. and the Expedition 385 Scientists (2022): Heat flow and thermal regime in the Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California: Estimates of conductive and advective heat transport. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria.
    doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu22-1504 |

EGU 2021 (1)

  • Galerne CY, Lizarralde D, Berndt C, Neumann F, Höfig TW, Stock JM, Peña-Salinas ME, Negrete-Aranda R, Teske AP, and the Expedition 385 Scientists (2021): Magma plumbing system and associated hydrothermal vents in the Guaymas Basin - geometry and implications. European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2021, Vienna, Austria.
    doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu21-13015 |

Convener

  • 2024: Co-Convener at the EGU General Assembly: Carbon capture and storage in mafic ultramafic rocks.
  • 2022: Convener at the EGU General Assembly: GMPV9.7Magma-sediment interaction at the subseafloor: mechanisms and role in the Earth CPL-Cycles (Carbon-, Plate-, Life-Cycles).

 

International Workshops

  • Galerne CY (2023): Magma-sediment interactions potential for the Afar Dallol Drilling project (invited). Afar Dallol Drilling Onset of sedimentary processes in an active rift basin (ADD-ON). ADD-ON Workshop Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, August 28-31, 2023.
  • Galerne CY, and the Expedition 385 Scientists (2021): Magma-sediment interaction processes quantification and role in the Earth Carbon-, Plate-, Life-Cycles at the birth of an ocean. Exploring future scientific drilling targets in the Afar (Ethiopia). Afar Dollal Drilling – ONset of sedimentary processes in active rift basin (ADD-ON) Online Workshop, June 29-30, 2021.

Symposien

  • Galerne CY, Hoefig T (2019): Who has switched on the oven? Guaymas Basin off-axis magmatism and its role as heat engine. Science Symposium 16. September 2019 am Scripps Institut für Ozeanographie, UCSan Diego, USA.
  • Galerne CY, Lenhardt N, Rabbel O, Wiggers C, Hasenclever J, Galland O, Götz AE, Bach W, Kahl,W-A, Teske A, Lizarralde D, Berndt C, Höfig TW and Expedition 385 Scientists (2022): Ocean Floor Symposium 2022 “Understanding element fluxes – processes and budgets”, Oktober 9-12, 2022,MARUMCenter for Marine Environmental Sciences, Bremen University.

 

Doctorate Thesis

  • Galerne CY (2009): Emplacement Mechanisms and Magmatic Differentiation Induced by Magma Flow in Sill Intrusions in Sedimentary Basins. Doctorate Thesis, Physics of Geological Processes (PGP), Oslo University, Norway (Supervisors: Else-Ragnild Neumann, Sverre Planke)

MasterThesis

  • Galerne CY (2004): Interactions between sedimentation, tectonic and magmatism in a tectonically active rift basin (auf Französisch).Diploma Thesis, UMR 6538 / Domaine des Géosciences Marines, Brest,France (Supervisors:Jöel Rolet, Bernard Le Gall, Martial Caroff)

Reviewer for

  • JGR - Solid Earth
  • Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystem
  • Interpretation
  • Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland
  • Geological Society Book
  • SN Applied Sciences
  • Minerals
  • Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research

Teaching

  • 2010: Student supervision in applied geophysical methods (Elba, Tuscany, Italy).
  • 2008, 2009: Teaching assistant and external examiner on “Introduction to thermodynamic geo-modelling”. PGP, University of Oslo, Norway

Student supervision

Master

  • 2022-2023: Isaac Attah Korsah (MSc, main supervisor, in collaboration with Prof. Achim Kopf)
  • 2022-2023: Neele Köhler (BSc, co-supervisor, in collaboration with Dr. Marcello Gugliotta)
  • 2021-2022: Christin Wiggers (MSc, main supervisor, in collaboration with Prof.Wolfgang Bach)
  • 2020-2021: Alban Cheviet (MSc, co-supervisor, collaboration with Prof.Martine Buatier)

PhD

  • 2022-2025: Alban Cheviet (PhD, co-supervision, ongoing, collaboration with Prof. Martine Buatier)