Scientists have to be able to present their arguments in a precise and convincing way. However, when writing their papers, many scientists rely on intuition rather than on concrete methods. This course provides participants with all the techniques they need to know in order to state their arguments precisely, correctly and convincingly. The course starts with the basic concepts of reasoning and logic: validity and soundness of arguments, deductive and inductive reasoning, common types of logical inferences. From these basics, we derive useful techniques for argumentation in scientific texts. Participants get the chance to apply the acquired skills directly to their own work, and they get extensive individual feedback from the trainer after the course.
• basic concepts of logic
• deductive vs. inductive arguments
• argument patterns
• structuring scientific texts
• writing a good introduction
• writing style
• state their arguments in a precise and logically coherent way
• quickly identify strengths and weaknesses in arguments
• write accessible texts
The course is interactive throughout. It includes extensive exercises that aim at the application of the acquired skills to the participants’ work. The course will be hosted on a Moodle site where participants can share and discuss examples of their own work. Participants receive feedback from the trainer in individual discussions after the course.
For the course we use Zoom. Participants need a computer with camera and microphone and a strong internet connection.
• Extensive script (40 pages) including recommended further reading
• Exercise sheets