Prof. Dr. Erwin Frey (LMU München): Emergence and Self-Organisation in Biological Systems

Veranstalter:in : FB01, Prof. Dr. Jürgen Gutowski
Ort : Hörsaal H3, Geb. NW 1, Otto-Hahn-Allee 1, 28359 Bremen
Beginn : 27. Juni 2019, 16:00 Uhr
Ende : 27. Juni 2019, 17:00 Uhr

Prof. Dr. Erwin Frey
(LMU München)

Emergence and Self-Organisation in Biological Systems

 Isolated systems tend to evolve towards thermal equilibrium, a special state that has been a research focus in physics for more than a century. By contrast, most processes studied in biological systems are far from equilibrium. A fundamental overarching hallmark of all these processes is the emergence of structure, order, and information, and we are facing the major challenge to identify the underlying physical principles. Two particular exciting problems are the self-organised formation of spatio-temporal patterns and the robust self-assembly of complex structures. In both fields there are recent advances in understanding the underlying physics that will be reviewed in this talk. In reaction–diffusion systems, it has been shown that the essential dynamics is the spatial redistribution of the conserved quantities which leads to moving equilibria. Efficient self-assembly of macromolecules and protein clusters is a vital challenge for living organisms: Not only are resources limited but also are malfunctioning aggregates a substantial threat to the organism itself.