Geography combines elements of natural and social sciences into a spatial science that analyses the geo-ecosphere as well as society's demands on space. Physical Geography determines the effects of natural geofactors on human habitat, whereas Human Geography analyses human activity, its resulting spatial structures and determining processes. The subject's special standing as a link between natural and social sciences and the large number of research objects and processes at the interface of human activity and the environment require strong links to numerous related subjects. Geography has developed from a systematically descriptive to a causal-analytical science.
In general, Geography can be divided into two disciplines: Physical and Human Geography. Research in Physical Geography focuses on a qualitative and quantitative analysis of system complexes in the geosphere by employing scientific methods through empirical field work and analytical methodology. Human Geography analyses people in their sociocultural environments, as well as related socioeconomic structures, with concepts and methodology from social sciences. Examples for existing geographical research bodies at the University of Bremen are studies on landscape ecology, global climate research and urban development.