Sociology looks at human cohabitation within societies. It is particularly interested in contemporary societies and the constant changes within them. It sees social structures as constructs resulting from human action that, in turn, affect further action. Sociological research deals with its subject matter from various theoretical perspectives and with numerous empirical methods, such as interviews. Depending on the main area of focus, this is done in a number of specialist fields ("sociologies"), covering such topics as family sociology, organisational sociology and migration sociology.
Accordingly, career opportunities for sociologists are extremely varied, such as work in academia, civil society organisations and human resource management.