Sandrina Ritzmann, Vera Hagemann and Annette Kluge
Fields of Application
The Training Evaluation Inventory (TEI) is an instrument to evaluate interventions such as trainings or workshops. The questionnaire can be integrated into the formative, i.e. ongoing training evaluation process, but can also be used to evaluate a training finally and summatively. Due to its theoretical and empirical foundation and its wide acceptance among the relevant stakeholders in organisations (trainers, trainees, decision makers in training issues), the TEI is suitable for use in research projects as well as for the evaluation of training interventions in an organisational context. The TEI also enables a comparison of different training modules.
The ten scales of the TEI cover both training-relevant outcome dimensions and aspects of the training design.
Kirkpatrick's (1998) influential hierarchical evaluation model with the four levels "reactions", "learning", "behaviour" and "results" formed the basis for the development of the scales in the outcome dimensions. The first two levels are recorded in a differentiated manner using five scales.
The outcome dimensions include:
- Reaction: Subjective enjoyment
- Reaction: Perceived usefulness
- Reaction: Perceived difficulty
- Learning: Subjective knowledge gain
- Learning: attitude towards training
The training design focuses on the aspects of a training course that support the participants in learning and in transferring the acquired knowledge into the daily work routine. The dimensions of the training design are based on Merrill's principles of instructional learning (2002).
The five scales of the TEI cover the following areas:
- Problem-based learning
- Activation (of previous knowledge)
The TEI economically covers five relevant outcome variables and five aspects of training design from the participants' perspective. Using a 5-level Likert scale, the 45 items are completed by the participants of the training and can provide indications of the success of an intervention. Processing the inventory takes about 6-8 minutes.
If you are interested in the instrument, please contact Prof. Dr. Annette Kluge or Prof. Dr. Vera Hagemann.
Ritzmann, S., Hagemann, V. & Kluge, A. (2014). The training evaluation inventory (TEI) - Evaluation of training design and measurement of training outcomes for predicting training success, Vocations and Learning, 7(1), 41-73. Online First 2013: DOI: 10.1007/s12186-013-9106-4
Kirkpatrick, D. L. (1998). Evaluating training programs: The four levels (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.
Here you can find detailed information about the instrument and a download:
Open Test Archive - TEI