Tongwei Guo; M. Mangir Murshed; Kurosch Rezwan; Michael Maas.
Advanced Materials Interfaces 10 (2023)
This work presents porous zirconia-toughened alumina ceramics functionalized with Au@Pd/Au@Pt core–shell nanoparticle (NP) for in situ monitoring of catalytic reactions via surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) which is augmented by the open cell foam structure of the ceramic support. In this respect, the porous ceramic enables efficient light trapping and propagation onto the coated surface, which provides good accessibility of the catalyst, while the core–shell particles are equipped with a catalytically active shell and a plasmonic core which enables SERS sensing. The metallic hybrid core–shell NPs are synthesized by the Au-seed mediated method and colloidally deposited onto the open porous ceramic matrix prepared via the polymer replica method. The Au@Pt NP functionalized porous ceramic show a Raman enhancement factor up to 106, which is significantly higher than that of non-porous samples. In situ reaction monitoring via SERS is demonstrated by the Pt-catalyzed reduction of 4-nitrothiophenol to 4-aminothiophenol, showing high specificity for analysis of reactants and products. This multifunctional material concept featuring ceramics-augmented SERS and catalytic activity could be extended beyond real-time, sensitive reaction monitoring toward high temperature reactions, photothermal catalysis, bioprocessing and -sensing, green energy conversion, and related applications.
© 2023 The Authors. Advanced Materials Interfaces published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.