The project created new indicators for the measurement of innovation and applied them exemplarily to the electric drive industry. It took a nano perspective and focused explicitly on the dynamics of innovation activity and innovation networks. By nano perspective we mean indicators that apply to the smallest measurable unit of a company in which innovation takes place. These units are often subject of dynamic change (merger, acquisition, entry, exit etc.) but normally captured within an entire company or larger unit. The nano approach taken in this project means a major step forward for innovation indicators which usually apply to micro (company) level and normally take a static (cross section) perspective.
The project was carried out in cooperation with the Stifterverband – Wissenschaftsstatistik (Essen), the University of Applied Sciences Economics & Management (Essen) and the Centre for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research Baden-Wuerttemberg (ZSW). It was led by Muhamed Kudic and Jutta Günther at the University of Bremen and produced a number of journal articles as well as a joint book together with all project partners.
Contact person: Katharina Friz
Publication (open access book)
Project funding through Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
The project empirically investigates the development of the broad field of Bioeconomy out of the relatively specialized field of Biotech in Germany. Using patent and firm level data for network and citation analyses, major technological pathes will be detected for the time period of 1995 to 2015. Furthermore, data on R&D funding will be used to analyse the relationship between public funding and the development of the above mentioned major technological paths. The project will contribute to a better understanding of the emergence of the Bioeconomy in Germany, the role of public funding and corporate success factors. Results of the project will also be discussed in the context of the National Research Strategy Bioeconomy 2030. The project is jointly conducted with the University of Greifswald, Germany.
Project website: http://www.b2b-future.uni-bremen.de/
Contact person: Dr. Mariia Shkolnykova
The Dieter Schwarz Foundation financially supports the project VISIBLE 2.0, starting on January 01, 2018 in cooperation with the University of Hohenheim in Stuttgart. VISIBLE 2.0 stand for "Virtual Simulation Lab for the Analysis of Investments in Learning and Education" and will be an investigation of policy intervention in regional innovation systems using agent based modelling as well as empirical and statistical tools. It is the objective to advice policy makers when making decisions about investments into education and knowledge creation. This will be done by simulating the consequences and results of policy intervention. Thereby, we do not only detect the direct effects, but also the complex interdependencies of the entire system, which is a novelty and particular value added of the project. Going beyond the first project stage, VISIBLE 2.0 will engage deeply into the regional entrepreneurship policies. The relationship between start up as well as firm exit activity and regional learning, knowledge diffusion and innovation processes will be the focus of the project.
Contact person: Jessica Birkholz
In this project, the University of Bremen and the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Institute for Economics) engaged in a joint research project about the evaluation of science organisations in Ukraine. This joint project was funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Science (on the German side) and the Ukrainian Ministry of Education and Science (on the Ukrainian side). The project team further developed the evaluation indicators, which have been adopted from the Leibniz Association and were applied in a pilot evaluation in Ukraine during the year 2016. Within the project quantitative and qualitative empirical approaches were used to advance the evaluation indicators and integrate experiences made by the Leibniz Association.
Contact person: Tobias Wendler
This project was financed by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (Presidential Scholarship Program) and carried out through the visiting international PhD candidate, Anastasiia Tceluiko, from the University of Tyumen.
About the project: Innovation systems are typically regarded as bounded and thus as closed. The borders are defined, for example, geographically, technologically or through sectors. Yet, every innovation system allows actors to enter or exit and to absorb impulses from outside the system. In this project, we investigated the channels through which innovation systems are open to the outside environment. Based on theoretical considerations of the innovation system literature, the project developed an indicator for the openness of innovation systems. This indicator was used to analyse the innovation performance across countries in an econometric study. It showed that openness of innovation systems has a positive impact on innovative and economic performance.