European Union


    Database on Irregular Migration

Political centres: Brussels, Luxembourg, Strasbourg Total population (2008): 497 481 657 Foreign nationals (2008): 28 931 683 Foreign nationals as % of total: 5.8% European Community established: 1958 European Union since: 1993

European Union

Since 2007, the European Union consists of 27 member states which face very different challenges with regard to irregular migration. Securing the borders and preventing irregular migration is perceived increasingly as a European policy issue. Visa policy, border protection, return enforcement and measures to reduce incentives for irregular migration are increasingly Europeanized. However, the size and structure of irregular resident populations still depends mainly on national conditions in a large number of fields.

Short Information

CLANDESTINO Policy Brief on the Size of Irregular Migration (October 2009)