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Head of Group

Professor Dr. Reinhold-Hurek

• Diplom (Biology), University of Hannover

• Guest scientist, NIAB, Faisalabad, Pakistan
• Dr. rer. nat. (Ph. D.) in Microbiology, University of Hannover
• Postdoc, University of Gent, Belgium
• Postdoc, University at Albany, New York
• Group leader, Max-Planck-Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology
• Habilitation (Microbiology), Philipps University Marburg
• Gerhard-Hess-Award of DFG (German Research Council)
• Independent group leader, Max-Planck-Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg, 1996 - 1999
• Full Professor of General Microbiology, University of Bremen, since May 1999

Foto von Frau Prof. Reinhold-Hurek


Prof. Dr. Barbara Reinhold-Hurek
Microbe-Plant Interactions
University of Bremen
P.O. Box 33 04 40
D-28359 Bremen / Germany


Phone: +49-421-218-62860
Fax: +49-421-218-62873
Mail to Reinhold-Hurek

Research Interests

Molecular plant-bacteria interactions

A plant and its microbes can be considered as “superorganism”, the microbial community contributing to plant nutrition and health. Understanding their interaction mechanisms will help improving crop production systems towards more sustainable practices. We combine the strength of in-depth molecular genetic research in reductionist systems with molecular analyses of the hidden world of microbes directly in their natural environment.

Model system approach:  Endophytic diazotrophic bacteria (Azoarcus spp. and related genera) and Gramineae such as rice and Kallar grass for understanding molecular mechanisms of plant-bacteria interactions.

·         Functional genomics of bacteria and rice

·         Next-Generation-Sequencing appoaches

·         Analysis of bacterial gene expression (in planta and pure culture)

·         Deciphering molecular cross-talk

·         Colonization and host recognition

Microbial ecology:  To understand functions and activities of microbes in their natural environment, by combination of cultivation-independent molecular techniques and cultivation.

·         Functional diversity of endophytic diazotrophs

·         Community structure in situ (Next-Generation Sequencing)

·         Microbial nitrogen cycling in soils and in association with roots

·         Assessment of activities in situ (mRNA of marker genes, metatranscriptomics)

·         Cultivation of bacteria

·         Polyphasic taxonomy

·         Ecology and evolution of nodule symbionts in Southern African legumes

Selected Publications

Krause, A., H. Julich, M. Mankar. and B.Reinhold-Hurek, (2017) The Regulatory Network Controlling Ethanol-Induced Expression of Alcohol Dehydrogenase in the Endophyte Azoarcus sp. Strain BH72. Mol Plant-Microbe Interact 30:

Sarkar, A., M. Marszalkowska, M. Schäfer, T. Pees, H. Klingenberg, F. Macht & B. Reinhold-Hurek, (2016) Global expression analysis of the response to microaerobiosis reveals an important cue for endophytic establishment of Azoarcus sp. BH72. Environ Microbiol 19: 198-217.

Grönemeyer, J.L., T. Hurek & B. Reinhold-Hurek, (2015) Bradyrhizobium kavangense sp. nov., a symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium from root nodules of traditional Namibian pulses. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 65: 4886-4894.

Reinhold-Hurek, B., W. Bünger, C.S. Burbano, M. Sabale & T. Hurek, (2015) Roots shaping their microbiome: Global hot spots for microbial activity. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 53: 403-424.

Burbano, C.S., J.L. Grönemeyer, T. Hurek & B. Reinhold-Hurek, (2015) Microbial community structure and functional diversity of nitrogen-fixing bacteria associated with Colophospermum mopaneFEMS Microbiol Ecol 91: doi: 10.1093/femsec/fiv1030.

Chen, X., L. Miché, S. Sachs, Q. Wang, A. Buschart, H. Yang, C.M. Vera Cruz, T. Hurek & B. Reinhold-Hurek, (2015) Rice responds to endophytic colonization which is independent of the common symbiotic signaling pathway. New Phytol. 208: 531–543.

Buschart, A., S. Sachs, X. Chen, J. Herglotz, A. Krause & B. Reinhold-Hurek, (2012) Flagella mediate endophytic competence rather than act as MAMPS in rice - Azoarcus sp. strain BH72 interactions. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 25: 191–199.

Sessitsch, A., P. Hardoim, J. Döring, A. Weilharter, A. Krause, T. Woyke, B. Mitter, L. Hauberg, F. Friedrich, M. Rahalkar, T. Hurek, A. Sarkar, L. Bodrossy, L. van Overbeek, D. Brar, J.D. van Elsas & B. Reinhold-Hurek, (2012) Functional characteristics of an endophyte community colonizing rice roots as revealed by metagenomic analysis. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 25: 28-36.

Reinhold-Hurek, B. & T. Hurek, (2011) Living inside plants: bacterial endophytes. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 14: 435-443.

Hauberg, L., F. Schmidt, C. Scharf, J. Dörr, U. Völker & B. Reinhold-Hurek, (2010) Proteomic characterization of a pilR regulatory mutant of Azoarcus sp. strain BH72 with the aid of gel-based and gel-free approaches. Proteomics 10: 458-469.

Krause, A., A. Ramakumar, D. Bartels, F. Battistoni, T. Bekel, J. Boch, M. Böhm, F. Friedrich, T. Hurek, L. Krause, B. Linke, A.C. McHardy, A. Sarkar, S. Schneiker, A.A. Syed, R. Thauer, F.J. Vorhölter, S. Weidner, A. Pühler, B. Reinhold-Hurek, O. Kaiser & A. Goesmann, (2006) Complete genome of the mutualistic, N2-fixing grass endophyte Azoarcus sp. strain BH72. Nat. Biotechnol. 24: 1385-1391.

Reinhold-Hurek, B. & D.A. Shub, (1992) Self-splicing introns in tRNA genes of widely divergent bacteria. Nature 357: 173-176.