The German Research Foundation (DFG) awarded a Reinhart-Kosselleck-Projekt to Prof. Herbert Obinger worth almost one million Euro. Did army and universal conscription contribute to the development of a social welfare state? If so, in which aspects? Herbert Obinger wants to answer these questions within the project "Universal Conscription, the Military, and Welfare State Development in Europe". Herbert Obinger is Professorial Member of the Board of Directors at the Research Center on Inequality and Social Policy (SOCIUM) at the University of Bremen.