M. Florian, M. Hartmann, A. Steinhoff, J. Klein , A.W. Holleitner , J. J. Finley, T. O. Wehling, M. Kaniber, C. Gies
Nano letters (2018) 18(4), 2725–2732.
The electronic and optical properties of monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) and van der Waals heterostructures are strongly subject to their dielectric environment. In each layer, the field lines of the Coulomb interaction are screened by the adjacent material, which reduces the single-particle band gap as well as exciton and trion binding energies. By combining an electrostatic model for a dielectric heteromultilayered environment with semiconductor many-particle methods, we demonstrate that the electronic and optical properties are sensitive to the interlayer distances on the atomic scale. An analytic treatment is used to provide further insight into how the interlayer gap influences different excitonic transitions. Spectroscopical measurements in combination with a direct solution of a three-particle Schrödinger equation reveal trion binding energies that correctly predict recently measured interlayer distances and shed light on the effect of temperature annealing.