This study examines novel databased models of governance emerging from the Global South, specifically India and China, enabled by net - based technologies. The first model, the Biometric Identity Scheme or ‘Aadhaar’ project in India consolidates citizens’ digital identities to serve as the prime portal to access all government services such as welfare benefits. R. S. Sharma, the secretary of the Department of Electronics & Information Technology in India declared that, “digital India is not for rich people . . . it is for poor people.” The second model is China’s Social Credit System. By combining the citizens’ financial records, online shopping data, social media behavior and employment history, the system will produce a ‘social credit’ score for each citizen. This rating system will be used to measure the citizens’ trustworthiness. This research unpacks these value - embedded systems intended to build citizenship through the lens of political participation, inclusion and representation to address what constitutes as democracy in the global and digital age.